According to ại Nam nhất thống ch, in 1653, Chăm King B Tấm had his troops pillage the border areas. Lord Nguyễn Phc Tần sent the Marquis of Hng Lộc to fight off the enemies. Hng Lộc and his troops, in the dark night, passed over Thạch Bi mountain and marched up to Phan Lang (Rang) River. Defeated, the Chăm King had his son present a letter to Lord Nguyễn Phc Tần, asking for a peaceful surrender and offering the stretch of land between the Eastern side of Phan Rang River and Ph Yn. The Lord accepted the offered land, which he then named Thi Khang Estate and split it into the two counties of Thi Khang and Din Ninh with 5 districts: Phước Din, Hoa Chu, and Vĩnh Xương districts (of Din Ninh County) to the South; Tn ịnh and Quảng Phước districts (of Thi Khang County) in the North, under Hng Lộcs guard.
|The 350th anniversary of Khanh Hoa|
With this establishment of the new Estate, Lord Nguyễn virtually annexed the present-day Khnh Ho to the territories of ại Việt. This historic event can be seen as a landmark for the formation of the administrative boundaries of present-day Khnh Ho.
The name of Khnh Ha was established in 1832 the 13th year of King Minh Mạngs reign. The land consisted of 2 counties and 4 districts. Din Khnh county then included the 2 districts of Phước iền and Vĩnh Xương; and Ninh Ha County comprises the 2 districts of Quảng Phước and Tn ịnh. During the Nguyễn dynasty, under the French colonialist rule, the central seat of the province was at Din Khnh. By early 1945, Nha Trang Town (now Nha Trang City) became the administrative seat of the province until the present day.
After the total liberation of Southern Vietnam, the two provinces of Ph Yn and Khnh Ha were unified into the new province of Ph Khnh on October 29, 1975.
On March 30,1977, Nha Trang town was administratively promoted into Nha Trang City.
Session 4 of the Seventh Vietnamese NA decided to annex the island district of Trường Sa into Ph Khnh province on December 28, 1982.
Again, on June 30, 1989, Session 4 of the Seventh Vietnamese NA decided to split Ph Khnh province back into Khnh Ha and Ph Yn provinces.
Khnh Ha is a place rich in historical and cultural values.
At present, on top of the C Lao Mount of Vĩnh Phước ward in Nha Trang, there still remain the majestic ancient tower temples worshipping the Holy Mother of the Land Ponagar. This is a worshipping architectural ensemble, largest of its kind in the system of Champa temples, still remaining in Vietnam.
Besides these temples, there are also other Champa relics such as the V Cạnh stele, dating back to the 3rd-6th centuries A.D. This is one of the most ancient steles found in Vietnam and in the whole South-east Asia; Hời citdel, ng Thạch Temple, Cha Temple, etc. can also be included in the list. Yet, Ponagar Tower Temples in Nha Trang can be seen as most typical of the Champa culture in terms of architecture, sculpture and documentary steles.
Together with these physical cultural relics are non-physical cultural features, of which the most typical is the myth pf Ponagar The Holy Mother of the Land, the Ponagar festivities, Cha Temple ceremony, the worshipping dances, all of which have long gone into the lands folk songs and poems.
The remains of Din Khnh fortress are also evidence of the physical cultural works. The fortress was built by the lands forefathers right from the establishment of Thi Khang and Din Ninh Estates in the protection of Southern Central Vietnam, when people began to open the land, upturn the soil, build their hamlets, and expand the territories of the nation to the South.
The system of pagodas and temples scattering in all the hamlets and villages in Khnh Ha are still there to worshipping the founding fathers for their merits in helping the people settle their living. The system of the communal houses are proofs of the peoples recollection of their origin, serving a basis for the efforts in safeguarding the familys renown and reflecting the gratitude towards the forefathers.
The system of Buddhist pagodas, Catholic and Protestant churches, and Cao Đi temples found everywhere in Khnh Ha have contributed much to educating the people towards the good in the pursuit of the True Good Beautiful.
With the respect for the past and their gratitude, the Việt generations in Khnh Ha have always preserving their forefathers precious cultural heritages and creating many new cultural values of great pride.
The conservation and preservation of relics have been of major concern with hundreds of ancient items collected and excavated. These date back from the Stone Age and the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many items belonging to the war of national protection waged by Khnh Has people have been preserved as treasures in the provincial museum.
The cultural-historical relics, the famous beautiful landscapes, the magnificent parks, and impressive monuments shall contribute to forming the physical panoramic picture of a nice, majestic, poetic and rich Khnh Ha.
The Resolution of the Khnh Hos 14th Party Conference (2001-2005) has set up many objectives in developing the socio-economic setting, formulating major economic programs and projects, in order to exploit to the best all potentials and internal forces to boost up the national industrialization and modernization in an effort to build Khnh Ha into a strong province in the region.